Archive for January, 2012

Emerging applications for the connected enterprise

January 13, 2012

One key trend I anticipate in the next couple of years is the widespread use of “analytics

There was a time when users collected data for 75% of the time and did analysis 25% of the time. Today, with so much data available, data need not be collected; it is there! It is waiting to be analyzed

But analytics must be “everyday analytics”; users must have time to look at the results of analytics, seek results and not be busy with “archiving” data all the time! Often I get a response from CIO’s that we “faithfully archive data”; as the old saying goes “a car is safe in the garage, but it is not made to be kept in the garage alone”. Similarly, while archiving data is important, analyzing data is far more important!

For example, Airtel provides analytics for EVERY Postpaid users; not many use it though. Please log into your account and look at the “everyday analytics” that can be very insightful! Evert industry – BFSI, Manufacturing, Services, Education & Healthcare should start demanding “everyday analytics”

 

(Part of my talk in HP Network University 2012 at IIITB on Jan 13, 2012)

Trends in Enterprise Applications

January 12, 2012

The three dominant trends I see in Enterprise Applications include

 

1 Commoditization – Earlier it was merely commoditization of the processor (Intel x86)  and OS (MS Windows). Now even applications are getting commoditized; storage too is getting commoditized. In CES 2012 some one showcased 1 terabyte Pen drive! Infrastructure (Cloud) will get commoditized too

2 Consumerization – The widespread use of iPad is an interesting trend. The enterprise users too are consumers and they would want “cool” applications the way the end users want. In my opinion 20-25% of enterprise applications will be delivered thru Apps. It has deep implications for the software industry. Enterprises will start running “enterprise App stores” that will deliver these Apps

3 Cloudification – More and more applications will be “routinely” moved to the cloud. I am not limiting to public cloud; it could be private cloud or hybrid could too.

All these have implications for the two leaders in IT, namely, IBM & HP. In part each one of these trends will benefit HP!

 

(Remarks made as part of the Keynote Address at HP Network University 2012 at IIITB on January 12, 2012)

That was IT in the Year 2011

January 1, 2012

IT in 2011

General

 

  • Union Budget 2011 ends the 17-year old tax holiday (Sec 10 A & 10 B) for software industry
  • Wikipedia celebrated 10th Anniversary on January 15, 2011
  • “App” is the top word of 2010 (announced on January 6, 2011 by American Dialect Society)
  • Bangalore Metro starts rolling on October 20, 2011
  • India wins World Cup on April 2, 2011
  • Smaller coins (less than 50 paise) become history on June 30, 2011
  • Anti corruption crusade led by Anna Hazare takes centre stage; former Telecom Minister Raja and sitting Member of the Parliament Kanimozhi are arrested: Telecom Minister Maran is forced to resign: Parliament passes Lokpal bill on December 27, 2011 but Anna Hazare unimpressed
  • Telengana issue paralyses life in Andhra Pradesh on and off in 2011
  • China replaces Japan as the world’s No 2 economy in 2011
  • S&P downgrades US sovereign rating from AAA to AA+ on August 5, 2011
  • Egypt, Yemen, Sudan erupt; South Sudan is born
  • Osama Bill Laden was killed on May 2, 2011; Libyan leader Gadaffi killed on October 9, 2011
  • Japan suffers earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear disaster on March 18, 2011

 

Technology

 

  • IBM researchers talk of “Graphene-based” computers that can be 30 times faster than silicon-based machines
  • UC Berkeley team led by Jeffrey Baker talks of “magnetic” computers in July 2011
  • Intel unveils 3D chips in May 2011 and solar powered chips in August 2011
  • IBM India showcases solar-powered data Center
  • Internet almost ran out of IPv4 addresses in 2011
  • India to shift to Digital TV by 2015

 

Products

 

  • WWW turns 20 on August 4, 2011
  • IBM PC turned 30 on August 12, 2011
  • Apple launched
    • IPad 2 on March 2, 2011
    • new iMac on May 3, 2011
    • ICloud, iOS 5 and Mac OS 10 on June 6, 2011
    • iPhone 4S on October 4, 2011
    • Apple iPad arrives in India on Jan 27, 2011 (after 9 months); iPhone 4 on May 27, 2011 (after 7 months); iPhone 4S on November 25, 2011 (within 2 months of US Launch)
    • Nokia and Microsoft announce Windows Mobile powered mobile phones in February (after Nokia decides to phase out Symbian); Nokia made Windows Mobile-powered Lumia 800 and 710 phones reach the market in December
    • There was a flurry of Tablet launches
      • BlackBerry Tablet Playbook on April 19, 2011
      • Samsung 10″ Tablet on July 20, 2011;
      • Amazon Fire priced at $ 199 on September 28, 2011
      • India-made Tablets from HCL, Airtel, Reliance and the low cost (Rs 2,000) “Akash” on October 28, 2011
      • Google launches Music Beta in April, Google+ on July 6, 2011
      • HP announces Veer phone, TouchPad Tablet and scraps them later all within months!
      • TCS announces ON cloud-based offering for SME sector
      • Nokia launches dual SIM Phone 100 in India
      • Sabeer Bhatia launches “Jaxtr free SMS” on November 22, 2011

 

Markets

 

  • TCS is the most valued company on December 31, 2011; Coal India is the most valued company on August 17, 2011 going past Reliance & ONGC
  • British Petroleum and Reliance $ 7.2 billion deal got completed on August 30, 2011
  • Stock markets everywhere saw severe beating in 2011; Sensex tumbled to record low in 2 years.
  • Rupee touched 53 against USD in November 2011
  • IBM market capitalization goes past Microsoft on May 24, 2011
  • Apple with $ 337 billion goes past $ 331 billion market capitalization of Exxon on August 10,2011; Apple beats Google to become most valued brand on May 9, 2011 (BrandZ)
  • In M & A (Mergers & Acquisitions) in the Indian market include

 

  • Essar selling 33% stake to Vodafone for $ 5 billion on March 31, 2011
  • Synopsys buying “Magma Automation” for $ 507 million on December 1, 2011
  • Indian BPO major Genpact buying “Headstrong” for $500 million on April 6, 2011
  • Infosys acquiring Australian BPO on December 20, 2011
  • CSC acquires AppLabs on Sept 14,2011
  • iGate acquires Patni computers in January 2011
  • Pearson acquires TutorVista in January 2011

 

Globally

 

  • AT&T decides to buy “T-Mobile” for $ 39 billion in March 2011 but drops the plan in December 2011
  • Google acquires “Motorola Mobility” for $ 12.5 billion on August 14, 2011
  • HP acquires UK-based unstructured data company “Autonomy” for $11.5 billion August 18, 2011
  • Microsoft acquires “Skype” for $ 8.5 billion in 2011
  • Texas Instruments buys “National Semiconductors” for $ 6.5 billion on April 1, 2011
  • SAP buys ‘Success Factors” for $ 3.4 billion on Dec 4, 2011
  • Ericsson acquires Telcordia for $ 1.15 billion on June 14, 2011
  • Ericsson sells its part of Sony Ericsson to Sony for $ 1.15 billion

 

 

 

Indian IT companies

 

  • Tech-Mahindra joins the billion-dollar club in April 2011
  • TCS wins $ 2.2 billion (over 15 years) contract from UK-based Friends Life Insurance company in October 2011
  • Essar BPO Aegis gets $ 2 billion contract (over 8 years) from Saudi Telecom
  • Cades gets $ 300 million order from Airbus in April 2011
  • SoftBank to invest $ 200million in mobile Ad company “inMobi” (started by youngsters from IIT Kanpur)
  • Airtel has 50 million customers in Africa by December 2011

 

MNC companies in India

 

  • IBM celebrates its centenary on June 16, 2011; decides to offer 1,000 ESOPs to all it’s Indian employees; starts operations in Doon, Gandhinagar & Raipur taking its presence in India to 18 cities
  • The largest computer firm HP goes thru a turmoil; CEO Apotheker visits India in January 2011; announces scrapping TouchPad tablet and quitting PC business in August; gets fired; the new CEO Whitman reverses the decision to quit PC business in October
  • Accenture has 70,000 of its 2,15,000 global employees in India
  • Microsoft opens second development facility in Bangalore in December 2011
  • Honeywell starts Hyderabad operations in January 2011
  • Samsung expects $ 5 billion from India operations in 2011; Dell expects $ 2 billion
  • Nokia plant in Chennai crossed 500 million handset production; Samsung triples handset production out of India
  • GE talks of Rs 1,000 crores investment in India
  • Daimler to double investment in India
  • Nokia Siemens expands delivery Center in Chennai with increased head count from 120 to 1,000
  • Carl Zeiss opens R & D Center in Bangalore
  • Toshiba invests Rs 450 crores in India
  • SanDisk ramps up India operations in 2011
  • Huawei plans $150 million expansion of its India operations
  • 3 M invests Rs 100 crores in Bangalore R & D Center
  • Zynga increased R & D head count in India
  • Hitachi opened its R & D centre in Bangalore on October 13, 2011
  • LinkedIn opened its R & D facility in Bangalore on November 16, 2011

 

 

Applications

 

  • Indian companies permitted to use video conferencing for AGM
  • EPFO (Employees Provident Fund Office) goes online in July 2011
  • Karnataka voter ID process goes online on October 1, 2011; Chief Minister office is open for video viewing on November 30, 2011
  • Mobile banking and mobile trading started in India in 2011; Reserve Bank eases cap on mobile transactions beyond Rs 50,000 in December 2011
  • State Bank starts “Unhappy” SMS message to address customer complaints
  • Amazon allows Kindle readers to borrow eBooks from 11,000 public libraries

 

Education & Research

 

  • IIIT Bangalore and IIT Bombay bring WWW Conference to India for the first time in 20 years; held in Hyderabad during March 28 – April 1, 2011
  • Infosys Science Prizeswere announced November 16, 2011; the winners are
    • Prof. Kalyanmoy Deb of the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur – Engineering Sciences
    • Dr. Imran Siddiqi of CCMB, Hyderabad – Life Sciences
    • Prof. Kannan Soundararajan of Stanford University, USA – Mathematical Sciences
    • Prof. Sriram Ramaswamy of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore – Physical Sciences
    • Prof. Raghuram Rajan of the University of Chicago, USA – Social Sciences (Economics)
    • Dr. Pratap Bhanu Mehta of the Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi – Social Sciences (Political Science & International Relations)
    • Nobel prizesfor the year 2011 announced in October 2011; the winners are
      • Saul Perlmutter of Univ. Of California, Berkeley, USA, Brian Schmidt of Australian National University and Adam Reiss of Johns Hopkins University, USA  – Physics
      • Dan Shectman of Technion, Israel  – Chemistry
      • Bruce Beautler of Univ. of Texas, USA, Jules Hoffman of French National Academy of Sciences and Ralph Steinman of Rockefeller University (who unfortunately died before the announcement could reach him) – Medicine
      • Ellen Johnson Sirleaf & Leymah Gbowee both residents of Liberia and Tawakkal Karman of Yemen in Africa – Peace
      • Swedish poet Tomas Transtromer – Literature
      • Thomas Sargent of New York University, USA and Christopher Sims of Princeton University, USA – Economics
      • CSIR announced Bhatnagar prize winners on September 26, 2011; the winners are
        • Amit Sharma of ICGEB, New Delhi and Rajan Sankaranarayanan of CCMB, Hyderabad  – Biological Sciences
        • Balasubramanian Sundaram ofJNCAR, Bangalore and G N Sastry of IICT, Hyderabad  – Chemical Sciences
        • Shanker Doraiswamy of NIO, Goa  – Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean & Planetary Sciences
        • Sirshendu De of IIT Kharagpur and Upadrasta Ramamurthy of IISc, Bangalore  – Engineering Sciences
        • Mahan Maharaj of RMV University, Kolkata and Palash Sarkar of ISI, Kolkata – Mathematical Sciences
        • K N Balaji of IISc Bangalore  – Medical Sciences
        • Shiraz Minwalla of TIFR, Mumbai  – Physical Sciences

 

People

 

  • Infosys Founder Chairman N R Narayana Murthy makes way for K V Kamath as the new Chairman on turning 65 on August 20, 2011
  • Srinivasa Ramanujan’s 125th Birthday celebrated on December 22, 2011 with the Prime Minister declaring December 22 as “Mathematics Day” and the year 2012 as the “Year of Mathematics”
  • Steve Jobs is the Man of the Year 2011
  • IBM names Virginia Rometty as CEO effective January 1, 2012
  • Former US President Bush, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, German Chancellor, New Zealand PM, Slovenian PM, Vietnamese President, Afghan President visit India in 2011
  • India-born Nobel Laureate Venky Ramakrishnan, Apple Founder Steve Wozniak, Investor Warren Buffet, HP CEO Leo Apotheker, GE CEO Jeffrey Immelt, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, Cisco CEO John Chambers and CEO’s
  • Apple founder Steve Jobs, Bharat Ratna award winner Bhimsen Joshi, CD pioneer of Sony Ohga , c language inventor Dennis Ritchie, Artificial Intelligence pioneer John McCarthy, India-born Nobel Laureate Har Gobind Khorana died in 2011

 

Interesting numbers

 

  • Indian IT industry expected to hire 225,000 people in 2011
  • SBI launched 25,000th ATM on March 31, 2011
  • India’s total telephone subscribers stood at 914.6 million (881.4 million mobile subscribers) as of October 31, 2011
  • Indian mobile handsets sales stood at 213 million in 2011 (231 million in 2012 projected)
  • Indian Internet population touches 101 million in December 2011
  • Rupee stood at 51.79 on Nov 30, 2011
  • Forex at $ 307 billion on Dec 2, 2011
  • Mobile game “Angry Birds” saw 500 million downloads in 2011
  • Apple iPhone 4S sold 4 million over the weekend of launch
  • Facebook had 750 million subscribers on July 6, 2011
  • Every week 100 movies, 250 books and 15,000 Mobile Apps get released! (543 each day for Android and 745 for iOS)
  • Percentage of Poor in India dropped from 37% to 32% over 2005 to 2011
  • World population touched 7 billion on October 31, 2011 (6 billion in 1999, 5 billion in 1987, 4 billion in 1974, 3 billion in 1959, 2 billion in 1927 and 1 billion in 1805)

 

Professor Sowmyanarayanan Sadagopan is the Director of IIIT-Bangalore. These are his personal views. He can be reached at ss@iiitb.ac.in